100 untitled works in mill aluminum, 1982-1986

At the center of the Chinati Foundation's permanent collection are 100 untitled works in mill aluminum by Donald Judd installed in two former artillery sheds. The size and scale of the buildings determined the nature of the installation, and Judd adapted the buildings specifically for this purpose. He replaced derelict garage doors with long walls of continuous squared and quartered windows which flood the spaces with light. Judd also added a vaulted roof in galvanized iron on top of the original flat roof, thus doubling the buildings' height. The semi-circular ends of the roof vaults were to be made of glass.

Each of the 100 works has the same outer dimensions (41 x 51 x 72 inches), although the interior is unique in every piece. The Lippincott Company of Connecticut fabricated the works, which were installed over a four-year period from 1982 through 1986. Funding for the project was provided by the Dia Art Foundation.

Donald Judd was born in 1928 in Excelsior Springs, Missouri and died in 1994 in New York. Major retrospectives include: Donald Judd (traveling retrospective), Tate Modern, London, Kunstsammlung Nordrhein-Westfalen, Düsseldorf, Germany and Kunstmuseum Basel, Switzerland (2004); Flavin, Andre, Judd, National Gallery of Canada, Halifax (2003); Donald Judd: Der gaze Raum - Das Frühwerk 1955-1968, Kunsthalle Bielfeld, Germany (2002); Donald Judd: Colorist (traveling exhibition), Sprengel Museum, Hanover (2000-01); Donald Judd Furniture Retrospective, Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen, Rotterdam (1993).


15 untitled works in concrete
The Arena


Related reading

Artillery Sheds by Donald Judd

The Making of Two Works: Donald Judd's Installations at the Chinati Foundation (PDF) by Marianne Stockebrand